Held AtGloucestershire Archives
Alt Ref NoD678
TitleDutton family of Sherborne and Standish; Stawell family of Cothelstone (Somerset) and their successors; and related families
DescriptionWinchcombe court rolls, 1341-1466; manorial records of Sherborne and/or Aldsworth, 1425-1485, 1563-1763, Northleach and Aldsworth, 1541-1753, Bibury, 1384-1723, Winchcombe, 1340-1492, and Standish, 1581-1758; deeds of Sherborne estate in Aldsworth, Bibury, Northleach, Sherborne, Windrush and environs, 1182-1918, and Standish estate in Standish, Moreton Valence and Stonehouse, 1537-1884; solicitors' drafts of deeds, estate and family papers, 1857-1928; estate and household accounts, 1648-1938; maps and plans, 1769-1898, including architectural drawings of Sherborne House (1821) and Lodge Park (c.1900); muster roll for Gloucestershire, 1608; Winchcombe Abbey cartulary, 13th cent.; abbey rental, 1355-1358, and compoti, 1430-1492; Dutton family settlements and correspondence, 1566-1921, including two letters from Oliver Cromwell, 1655-1657; family diaries, 1823-1862; correspondence of 4th Baron Sherborne, 1850-1909; letters from the Hon. and Revd Canon Frederick George Dutton (later 5th baron) to Edward, 4th Baron Sherborne, 1916; Sackville of Bibury family correspondence, 1613-1699; settlements and deeds of the Stawells and of related families, for Somerset, Dorset, Devon and Wiltshire, and Hampshire, Berkshire, Essex and Northamptonshire, c.1200-1830; naval log books of Commodore the Hon. Edward Legge, 1726-1747; papers of the Rt Hon. Henry Bilson Legge, several times Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of the Exchequer, 1742-1764; *estate records of the Sherborne and Windrush estates, including correspondence, 1920s-1980s, financial records, 1874-1985, tenancy and other agreements, 19th-20th centuries

The Sherborne estate was acquired by Thomas Dutton in 1551; the Standish estate by his son William in 1611. That was destined for William's younger son, Sir Ralph (d 1646), in whose son, another William, they were combined in 1657 following the death of John Dutton, Sir Ralph's elder brother, without male issue. This William was succeeded by his brother, Sir Ralph Dutton, 1st Baronet (cr. 1678), whose son, Sir John, died in 1743. At this point the male line of the Duttons became extinct and the estates passed to one of the 1st Baronet's grandsons, James Lenox Naper of Loughcrew, co. Meath (d 1776), who assumed the surname of Dutton. His second wife was the heiress of the Bond family of Newland in the Forest of Dean, but these estates were rapidly sold. Their eldest son, James, was created Baron Sherborne in 1784. (John Lenox Dutton, the only child of the first marriage had predeceased his father). The principal Naper estates descended to J.L. (Naper) Dutton's second surviving son (who reverted to the surname of Naper and whose descendants still live in what is left of Loughcrew), but some 8000 acres in Ireland (5000 Irish measure) passed to his youngest son, Ralph Dutton, presumably with a view to creating a cadet branch of the family. Ralph died childless in 1804 and these properties reverted to his eldest brother , the 2nd Baron (to be sold in the two decades following the latter's death in 1820).

The future 2nd Baron Sherborne (Hon. John Dutton) had married the daughter and heiress of Henry Stawell Bilson Legge (d 1820), 2nd Baron Stawel. Through her the residual Stawell estates passed to the Duttons (see introduction to D678/2 for an account of the Stawells and Legges). The Dorset estate was sold sometime after 1827; the other estates (in Hampshire and Somerset) provided the means to establish the two younger sons of the 2nd Baron Sherborne (Hon. John Thomas Dutton and Hon Ralph Heneage Dutton) as substantial landowners in their own right. Ralph Stawell Dutton of Hinton Ampner, Hants, a descendant of the former, would ultimately inherit the Sherborne title, but not the estates, from his distant cousin Charles in 1982; the title would die with him, the 8th Baron, in 1985. Ralph Heneage Dutton, sometime a Hampshire MP and Chairman of the London and South Western Railway Company, died without male issue (1892); it would seem that the Somerset estate (at least) was used in a similar fashion after his death to establish the second surviving son of the 3rd Baron, the future 5th Baron, Frederick George (d 1920), as a landowner; but he was unmarried. He briefly inherited the Sherborne estates and title from his elder brother Edward Lenox, the 4th Baron (d 1919), being succeeded by a nephew James Huntley (6th Baron; d 1949).

Despite some sales in the 1630s-40s, the Dutton estates in Gloucestershire were increased by piecemeal acquisition until the late-19th century. The largest purchase was the Bibury estate of the financially-troubled Creswells, part in 1816, the rest in 1829. Part of the Bibury estate was sold to (Sir) Orme Clarke in 1925; the Standish estate to Gloucestershire County Council 1921 - this probably the result of double duties from the deaths of the 4th and 5th Barons in quick succession, but also taking advantage of a brief boom in agricultural land prices. The somewhat reduced Sherborne estate itself passed to the National Trust after the 7th Baron's death. Meanwhile, Sherborne House, after use as a school, had been divided into flats - the 7th Baron had resided nearby at Lodge Park (extended at the turn of the 20th century). The last surviving member of the family to live in the vicinity of Sherborne was the 7th Baron's sister, the Hon. Juliet Dutton (at Windrush Manor).

Family estates in 1883, as given by Bateman:
3rd Baron Sherborne - 15773 acres in Gloucestershire and 150 acres in Hampshire (latter returned under Lady Sherborne) (£21445 gross annual value); the Hon. John Thomas Dutton of Hinton Ampner (brother), 5124 acres in Hampshire (£6970); the Hon. Ralph Heneage Dutton of Tisbury Manor (brother), 3470 acres in Hampshire and 1280 acres in Somerset [the Wootton Courtenay estate] (£6033).
James Lenox Naper of Loughcrew had 19030 acres in counties Meath and Westmeath (£15658); the Alcock-Stawells, distant collaterals of the Somerset Stawells, had 11654 acres in counties Cork and Limerick (£6752).

Further explanations of content and arrangement are provided at appropriate places in the introductions to the principal sections and sub-divisions of the collection. The skeleton of the scheme of arrangement follows.

F Family and personal
1-10 Settlements, wills and trusts (chronological)
11-21 Personal material, inc. correspondence, diaries, offices held (chronological)
M Manorial and other Winchcombe Abbey material (in 5 subsections)
E Estate (in 8 subsections)
T Deeds, including leases
1 Sherborne area (by place, mainly alphabetical; in 21 series)
2 Standish area (in 8 series)
3 Other Gloucestershire and out-county
Z Miscellaneous (in 7 subsections)

F Family settlements and wills, offices and patents, personal (in 15 subsections)
E Estate and manorial (in 7 subsections)
T Deeds, including leases
1 Somerset (by place - geographical groupings; in 14 series)
2 Dorset (in 10 series)
3 Hampshire (by place - Hartley and other lesser places; in 5 series)
4 Northamptonshire
5 Berkshire
Z Miscellaneous (in 3 subsections)

F Family
E Estate
T Deeds, including leases (in 5 series)
Z Miscellaneous
NotesThe archive was re-arranged and catalogued during 2002-2004 thanks to a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund. It contains approximately 8050 items. Two further accessions received after 2004 (accessions 10812 and 10924) comprise 21 boxes of estate records for 1874-1996 and are not yet catalogued.
ArrangementDivided into 3 main groups, reflecting the three main families whose inheritance the barons Sherborne combined: the Dutton family of Sherborne and Standish, Gloucestershire; the Stawell family, barons Stawell, their Legge inheritors and their Pitt, Hext, Pert kin; and the Naper family of Loughcrew, co. Meath, Ireland. All unapportionable miscellanea is treated in the Dutton section. The arrangement of the Dutton and Stawell sections is described in more detail in the introductions to those parts of the archive. Numbers as used in the 1900 Calendar of the Sherborne Muniments given as 'previous number'; some documents were un-numbered and there was some double numbering etc. Items received by Gloucestershire Record office from The Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, to which they are presumed to have passed from the 3rd Baron Sherborne and/or the Revd David Royce [see D1375, D6755], and apportioned to the Sherborne collection during the 1950s, have been retained within D678.
AppraisalDuplicates and drafts of low grade material discarded
Admin HistoryHeavily disorganised and much lost during the early 19th-century rebuilding of Sherborne House - see the printed 'Calendar of the Muniments of Sherborne House', 1900. The collection was lumped somewhat inaccurately into places and these then organised in rough chronological order, although with not infrequent misreading of early dates. The bulk of material is deed-related, and this action destroyed links between deeds from the same bundle as well as the coherence of the large runs of leases. The Stawell section bundled in even rougher chronology material from 5 counties.
Custodial HistoryDeposited by the Rt Hon. Lord Sherborne [7th baron] except accession 832, which was deposited by Gloucester City Museum; accession 4830, which was deposited by the Hon. Juliet Dutton; accession 4930, which was deposited by Messrs Rylands and Co., land agents; accessions 5753 and 10924, which were deposited by the National Trust (Sherborne Park). Heavily disorganised and much lost during the early 19th-century rebuilding of Sherborne House - see the printed 'Calendar of the Muniments of Sherborne House', 1900. A small number of deeds apportioned to this collection from a deposit made by the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society (other portions of which were transferred to other collections.)
Related Material[Printed Guide: 'Calendar of The Sherborne Muniments' (1900); see also D45 and D8045]; digital copies of the music contained in document identified as "D678 folios 1 & 1v" can be seen on the Digital Image Archive of Mediaeval Music website
Access Conditions* denotes that this collection contains some uncatalogued records - please give us at least one week's notice of your visit if you would like to look at this material
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